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Keyboard & mouse browser shortcuts

The major web browsers share a number of common keyboard/mouse shortcuts. Some I find extremely useful, some, not so much.

A few that I use every day are -
  • Ctrl+F4 - close current tab.
  • Ctrl+TAB - move to the next browser tab (Ctrl+Shift+TAB to do it in reverse)
  • Ctrl+Left Click - open a link in a background tab (open in a new tab but don't switch to that tab).
  • Shift+Left Click - open a link in a new window.
  • F5 - refresh the current tab. Clicked the wrong icon when collecting mailer credits? Refresh and try again.
  • Ctrl+F5 - refresh the current tab bypassing the browser cache - ensures you're getting the latest version of the page.
  • Ctrl+1 - move to the first browser tab.
  • Ctrl+a - select all.
  • Ctrl+c - copy selected.
  • Ctrl+v - paste copied.
  • Ctrl+z - undo last action.
  • End - go to bottom of page. Useful when it takes a week to scroll past all the 'sales copy' to get to the continue link at the bottom of the page.
  • Ctrl+Shift+T - reopen closed tab. Too many tabs open and you accidently closed the wrong one? No problem. Throw a Ctrl+Shift+T at it (right-click the mouse on a tab also gives you a reopen option)

A more complete list.


Ctrl+1-8 - Switch to the specified tab, counting from the left.

Ctrl+9 - Switch to the last tab.

Ctrl 1 thru 9 to change tabes demo

Ctrl+Tab - Switch to the next tab - the tab to the right (or the first tab if you're on the last one).

Ctrl+Shift+Tab - Switch to the previous tab - the tab to the left (or the last tab if you're on the first one).

Ctrl+W, Ctrl+F4 - Close the current tab.

Ctrl+Shift+T - Reopen the last closed tab. Right-click with the mouse in the tabs area for a menu of useful items.

browser tab - right click options

Ctrl+T - Open a new tab.

Ctrl+N - Open a new browser window.

Alt+F4 - Close the current window.

Mouse Actions for Tabs

Middle Click a Tab - Close the tab.

Ctrl+Left Click, Middle Click - Open a link in a background tab (open in a new tab but don't switch to that tab).

Shift+Left Click - Open a link in a new browser window.

Ctrl+Shift+Left Click - Open a link in a foreground tab (open in a new tab and switch to that tab).


Alt+Left Arrow, Backspace - Back.

Alt+Right Arrow, Shift+Backspace - Forward.

F5 - Reload.

Ctrl+F5 - Reload and skip the cache, re-downloading the entire page.

Escape - Stop.

Alt+Home - Open homepage.


Ctrl and +, Ctrl+Mousewheel Up - Zoom in.

Ctrl and -, Ctrl+Mousewheel Down — Zoom out.

Ctrl+0 - Default zoom level.

F11 - Full-screen mode.


Space, Page Down - Scroll down a frame.

Shift+Space, Page Up - Scroll up a frame.

Home - Top of page.

End - Bottom of page.

Middle Click - Scroll with the mouse. (Windows only)

Address Bar

Ctrl+L, Alt+D, F6 - Focus the address bar so you can begin typing.

Ctrl+Enter - Prefix www. and append .com to the text in the address bar, and then load the website. For example, type te-results into the address bar and press Ctrl+Enter to open (in this case, the server will redirect to

Alt+Enter - Open the location in the address bar in a new tab.


Ctrl+K, Ctrl+E - Focus the browser's built-in search box or focus the address bar if the browser doesn't have a dedicated search box. (Ctrl+K doesn't work in IE, Ctrl+E does.)

Alt+Enter - Perform a search from the search box in a new tab.

Ctrl+F, F3 - Open the in-page search box to search on the current page.

Ctrl+G, F3 - Find the next match of the searched text on the page.

Ctrl+Shift+G, Shift+F3 - Find the previous match of the searched text on the page.

search for word on web page

History & Bookmarks

Ctrl+H - Open the browsing history.

Ctrl+J - Open the download history.

Ctrl+D - Bookmark the current website.

Ctrl+Shift+Del - Open the Clear Browsing History window.
It's always a good idea to delete your cache. Apart from the large number of files impacting on your computer's performance, old copies of pages can cause issues. If you can help it, never delete your cookies. If you do delete the cookies, you'll find out very quickly how much useful information they contain. When 'support' tells you to 'clear your cache and delete your cookies', definately clear your cache, but try from a different browser or computer instead of deleting your cookies. Then, if necessary, only delete cookies for the site where you are having problems.

Other Functions

Ctrl+P - Print the current page.

Ctrl+S - Save the current page to your computer.

Ctrl+O - Open a file from your computer.

Ctrl+U - Open the current page's source code. (Not in IE.)

F12 - Open Developer Tools. (Requires Firebug extension for Firefox.)

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